"And, importantly, it reaffirms our commitment to arms control and nuclear non-proliferation, maintains the moratorium on nuclear testing, and commits to improving efforts to prevent, detect and respond to nuclear terrorism".
In the long term, the USA military will also develop a new nuclear-armed sea-launched cruise missile.
Also on Friday, Trump's critics revived accusations of collusion between Russian Federation and the Trump campaign, in response to the House Intelligence Committee's release of a memo alleging that the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Department of Justice used partisan sources improperly to obtain surveillance warrants on a Trump associate.
The Obama administration sought to shrink the role of nuclear weapons in US defense strategy.
But there was no net increase in strategic nuclear weapons, which contradicted Trump's tweet prior to him taking office that stated that the USA "must greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability until such time as the world comes to its senses regarding nukes".
The Trump administration concluded that the US should largely follow its predecessor's blueprint for modernizing the nuclear arsenal, including new bomber aircraft, submarines and land-based missiles.
But, under the Obama administration, the Pentagon had already planned to modernize the nation's nuclear weaponry, which consists of missiles fired from land and sea and bombs from warplanes. With three nuclearized member states - the United States, Britain and France - NATO has a robust nuclear deterrent capable of being employed anywhere in defense of NATO interests.More news: Central Intelligence Agency chief expects Russian Federation to meddle in United States mid-term polls
"The document is filled with "ideological injections", which try to present Russian Federation a main reason for modernization of the US nuclear forces".
So, President Obama said we want to pursue a world without nuclear weapons, we want to reduce the role of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear weapons present a unique threat of national devastation and global extinction. Martin Heinrich, D-N.M., said in a statement, "but I am concerned that the Trump administration favors impulse over strategy and may blur the lines between nuclear and non-nuclear weapons".
The United States has warned countries against supporting non-state actors and terrorist groups trying to obtain or employ nuclear weapons.
"The Defense Intelligence Agency now estimates Russian Federation has a stockpile of 2,000 "non-strategic" nuclear weapons including short-range ballistic missiles, gravity bombs and depth charges that can go on medium range bomber aircraft", according to the report.
According to the 2018 US Nuclear Posture Review, published on Friday, the country will maintain and enhance the capability to deploy nuclear bombers and dual-capable aircraft around the world, and it is committed to working with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation to ensure the readiness and operational effectiveness of such aircraft based in Europe.
Critics say the new stance will increase the chance of a miscalculation between the pair, with Russia's response unlikely to dampen such thoughts.
In a statement Friday, Trump noted "successive United States administrations deferred much-needed modernization of our nuclear weapons, infrastructure and delivery systems" while other nuclear nations "grew their stockpiles".
The US says Russian Federation has developed, tested and deployed an intermediate-range missile system that breaks its commitments under a 1987 treaty between Washington and the Soviet Union.