Uttar Pradesh, Delhi topped crime list in 2016, says NCRB

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States such as Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand have reported extremely high number of crimes under the category of special and local laws (SLL) for years. This alone increased the total number of violent crimes in 2016 as compared to previous year, by 0.8%. Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh reported the highest incidence of rape with 4,882 cases (12.5%) and 4,816 (12.4%) followed by Maharashtra 4,189 (10.7%) during 2016.

Murder decreased by 5.2 per cent (from 32,127 cases in 2015 to 30,450 in 2016), rioting 5 per cent (from 65,255 cases in 2015 to 61,974 in 2016 ), dacoity 4.5 per cent (from 3,972 cases in 2015 to 3,795 in 2016) and robbery 11.8 per cent (from 36,188 cases in 2015 to 31,906 in 2016). Of the 994 rape cases reported in 2016, in 463 cases, the victims were minors.

Delhi police officials claim that the main reason for the national capital recording the highest number of cases is that as compared to other cities of different states, there is "free and fair" registration of cases, particularly of heinous crimes.

The report suggests that 16,362 cases of crime against women were reported in Andhra Pradesh a year ago when compared to 15,967 cases reported in 2015.

Kidnapping and abduction of children accounted for 52.3% of the cases followed by cases reported under POCSO (Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences Act) - 34.4%. "Delhi UT reported the highest crime rate (160.4) compared to the national average rate of 55.2", the NCRB report says. Mumbai also had the second highest number of rape cases, at 712 cases, after Delhi that had 1,996 cases. Delhi also reported the most number of cases of economic offences at 5,942 cases or 19.3 per cent followed by Jaipur at 4,742 cases and Mumbai at 4,191 cases.

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However, a total of 15,379 persons were trafficked during the year including 58.7% children.

Delhi also reported the highest number of kidnappings and abductions - 5,453 cases (48.3 percent) followed by Mumbai with 1,876 cases (16.6 percent) and Bengaluru 879 cases (7.8 percent) during 2016.

Maharashtra reported the highest number of missing persons (94,919 - 17.2%) out of the total of 5,49,008 persons (2,34,334 males and 3,14,674 females).

NCRB has chosen to correct this data for the past three years in its 2016 report.

The NCRB report also first time included the statistics on the seizures of arms, ammunitions, drugs and currency by central armed police forces - the CISF, the BSF, the CRPF, the SSB, the Assam Rifles - and central police organisations like the National Investigation Agency. It was followed by Madhya Pradesh (8.9 per cent), Maharashtra (8.8 per cent) and Kerala (8.7 per cent).

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