United Nations chief urges to eliminate existing nuclear arsenals

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A number of nations have signed the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, in search of a world liberated from "doomsday" weapons, as UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres once said.

North Korea tested its sixth and most powerful nuclear bomb earlier this month following the test-fire of two intercontinental ballistic missiles, weapons that experts say could target the mainland United States and could be used to carry a nuclear warhead.

Members attend the signing ceremony for the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons September 20, 2017 at the United Nations in NY.

No country that possesses nuclear weapons has participated in the treaty, nor any members of security blocs such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The treaty will come into force within 90 days of 50 countries signing the treaty. "Humanity simply can not live under the dark shadow of nuclear warfare", he said, describing the new treaty as a light "illuminating a pathway towards a world without nuclear weapons".

Cayetano said the treaty presents a unique opportunity for nuclear weapon states to demonstrate that they remain committed to their own cause of nuclear disarmament and the United Nations Charter. She said that with Trump threatening to use nuclear weapons, the need for the treaty is even greater.

"The new treaty on the prohibition on nuclear weapons provides a real alternative for security: a world without any nuclear weapons, where everyone is safer, where no one needs to possess these weapons", he said.

Also, numerous world's almost 200 nations are quite capable of building nuclear weapons - if they decide to do so.

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The treaty was adopted on 7 of July in the year 2017.

"There is no way to win in a nuclear conflict", Solís said. According to Costa Rica's Elayne Whyte Gomez, president of the conference: "This is a very clear statement that the worldwide community wants to move to a. security paradigm that does not include nuclear weapons".

If ever there were a moment for leaders to declare their total opposition to nuclear weapons, it is now. The signing took place during the High Level Ceremony for the opening of the signing of the Treaty.

Three of the first nations to ratify the treaty on the same day it opened for signature were the Holy See, Thailand and Guyana.

The assembly was part of the Peace Wave 2017 campaign, in which citizens start a chain of movements from Japan in hopes of realizing a peaceful world free of nuclear weapons.

Although the United States, Britain, France and others skipped the signing of the ban, they pledged commitment to a decades-old Non-Proliferation Treaty, which aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology.