"What I am saying is, should he decide to decertify, he has grounds to stand on". Despite repeated IAEA reports verifying full Iranian compliance, the administration of US President Donald Trump has sought to portray Iran as being in violation of the accord.
Her speech, delivered at the most hawkish think tank in Washington-a nesting ground for the key architects of the Iraq War and wider Global War on Terror, not to mention almost every anti-Iranian hardliner in town-came just five days after the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) declared for the eighth time that Iran was complying with the 2015 deal, otherwise known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA.
Sources said that Haley's expressed views on the flaws of the JCPOA were not reflective of the advice or information of career State Department officials and experts.
Haley suggested one area the United States might cite is Iran's ballistic missile tests, which Tehran insists are not covered by the agreement.
Haley said if Trump chooses to declare Iran in violation, it would not automatically trigger a USA withdrawal from the accord. Credit: UN Photo/Rick Bajornas. ("The promised 24/7 inspections apply only to Iran's "declared" nuclear sites.") This is the most honest assessment of the deal to date - Iran is complying with the bulk of a flawed deal where the only penalty is re-imposition of sanctions that blow up the deal. If Trump does not certify Iran's compliance, the law provides for an expedited process whereby Congress could reimpose the sanctions lifted under the agreement - or do nothing at all.
The 2015 Iran nuclear deal is one of the contributing factors to the gravity of the situation with regards to Iran. "We should welcome a debate over whether the JCPOA is in United States national security interests". Then there is a congressional role, which Haley calls the third pillar, in the form of the Corker-Cardin bill, which requires the president to "certify" the integrity of the deal to congress every 90 days. It is said Mogherini has repeatedly stressed that the JCPOA is a multilateral deal and that no party can singularly make decisions on behalf of others.
Haley didn't offer any factual violations, rather claiming Iran's "long history of aggression" made it inherently in violation of the deal.
Former Obama administration Iran hands mocked the speech, saying that however Trump frames abandonment of the deal, the USA will be blamed.More news: German gov't united on anti-Turkey rhetoric ahead of federal elections
The periodic certification is not a requirement of the JCPOA itself, but of the 2015 Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act.
Under U.S. law, she said, "We must consider not just the Iranian regime's technical violations of the JCPOA", referring to the Joint Comprehensive Plan for Action, the deal's formal name, but also its violation of United Nations resolutions and Iran's history of aggression.
In a speech at the American Enterprise Institute think tank in Washington, D.C., Haley detailed a strong case for Trump to declare Iran in violation of the agreement, warning the United States will be "dealing with the next North Korea" if the regime is left unchecked.
Under the deal, limits were put on Iran's nuclear activities in exchange for the removal of all nuclear-related bans imposed on the Islamic Republic, among other things.
Haley deserves credit for clearly articulating the issues.
President Donald Trump and Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley on August 11 at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey.
"Another major flaw in the JCPOA is its penalty provisions", she said.